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The Sicilian climate is Mediterranean, with hot summers and mild winters. Sicily Coast enjoys a subtropical climate, since it meets the parameters of this type climate: the average annual temperature is at least 18 ° C, the average temperature of the coldest month is between 6 and 18 ° C (in Palermo is 12.5 ° C in January), while the temperature of the warmest month exceeds 22 ° C (both Palermo and Catania is just over 26 ° C in August).
This explains the presence of a sub-tropical vegetation that is perfectly adapted to most of the island, alongside the native Mediterranean vegetation: palm trees, bougainvillea, banana trees, all species of tropical origin that abound in Sicily, thanks to the mild climate. Inside, in the hills high hills (500/600 m above sea level, as in the city of Caltanissetta, Ragusa), the average temperature drops to 15 ° C (similar to that of Rome, but is in the plane). Enna (965 m), however, the average is 13.5 ° C, as in Bologna, with the difference that, in Enna, winter is less severe (6.5 ° C against 3.5 ° Bologna C) and summer slightly less hot (22.5 ° C in Enna, 23.6 ° C in Bologna):The climate, therefore, is overall more mild.
Sicily is often called the Island of the sun because the sunshine duration which is recorded in its coastal areas - namely the hours of sunshine per year or per month - is one of the highest in Europe: the two meteorological stations that have these data in Sicily, Trapani and Gela to, record 7.3 hours of sunshine per day as an annual average (ie a total of 2665 hours of sunshine a year), the highest figure of Italy (eg , The Weather Station of Rome Ciampino record 6.7 hours of sunshine per day as an annual average, ie 2467 hours total, not even the south of Sardinia and southern Calabria attain the Sicilian sunshine duration (Reggio Calabria recorded 2482 hours, and Cagliari 2591). As for the snow, it occurs regularly every year on the mountain ranges north of the island: Mount Etna, with a summit of over 3330 m is blanched until May, and strips only during summer.
Considering only the large coastal cities of the island it turns out that Palermo is the one most frequently may be slightly whitened by a short layer of snow (about once every decade), Messina is the city of Catania and more rain can be recorded, thanks to largest island of the plain, the lower temperatures and higher.
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Daniele Davide, manager of Tredy Sas.